Imposter Syndrome & Musicians
Imposter Syndrome, first defined in 1978 by Clinical Psychologist Dr Pauline R. Clance, is a psychological state where individuals undermine their achievements, talents and abilities leading to the dreaded feeling of being 'found out to be a fraud'. 'Fraud Syndrome' is another commonly known definition.
In 1985, Dr Clance developed criteria for measuring and defining Imposter Syndrome. Here are the six dimensions:
1) The Imposter Cycle.
2) The need to be special or the best.
3) Characteristics of a superman/superwoman.
4) Fear of failure.
5) Denial of ability and discounting praise.
6) Feeling fear and guilt about success.